THE IHRAM

Ihram (Arabic:  إحرام) is the sacred state that a pilgrim must enter before performing the Hajj and Umrah rituals. Before crossing the allotted Miqat, the pilgrim must cleanse his or her body, dress appropriately, and make the appropriate intention.

Meaning of Ihram

The Arabic verb harama (Arabic: حرم), which meaning "to be banned," is the source of the name Ihram. It refers to the condition of cleanliness that a pilgrim must be in before doing Hajj, Umrah, or both before entering the Makkah boundary. The pilgrim must follow the restrictions of Ihram after making the intention for Ihram. A Muhrim is a person who is in the condition of Ihram, which literally means "one who has made things forbidden upon himself." The Ihram is the name given to the two-piece clothing worn by males.

When to Enter into Ihram?

Before entering the Miqat border, Ihram must be adopted. A penalty will be payable in atonement if the Miqat is passed without entering the state of Ihram, while the Hajj or Umrah will remain legitimate.

The Hanafi school of thought believes that taking Ihram before the point of Miqat is more virtuous, whereas the Maliki and Hanbali schools believe that assuming Ihram before the point of Miqat is more meritorious.

If you want to join Ihram before the point of Miqat and you're traveling, according on the airline you're flying with, you'll have several options for where you can change into Ihram clothes.

Flight with a non-Islamic Airline

If you're traveling with British Airways, there won't be any facilities on board where you may pray or change, therefore you'll have to put on your Ihram at the airport before boarding. Before changing in the prayer room or the bathroom, it's a good idea to check in beforehand. As the Miqat arrives, declare your purpose and recite Talbiyah on the aircraft to enter the state of Ihram.

You may be handed perfumed wet wipes during the journey. If you use these while in Ihram, you will have to pay a penalty as an expiation. It is permissible to use tissues that are not scented.

Flight with an Islamic Airline

If you're travelling with Saudia, you'll have access to a prayer space during the journey. When you're about 20 or 30 minutes away from the Miqat, the captain or a message on the screen will alert you that the Miqat is coming. If you haven't done so before, now is the time to put on your Ihram. If you want to escape the rush of people expecting to change as the Miqat approaches, get changed around one hour before the point of Miqat. At the time of Miqat, you may then declare your purpose and recite Talbiyah. If you are unsure about changing on board or believe you will have difficulty doing so, take the technique outlined above and put on the Ihram at the airport before departing.

Flight that has one or more stops

If you are not travelling directly to Saudi Arabia and will be stopping in another country for a length of time, it is recommended that you change into Ihram during your stay at the airport before departing for Saudi Arabia.

Madinah First

You may spend several days in Madinah before travelling for Makkah to conduct Hajj or Umrah, depending on your package. You must not adopt Ihram before or during your travel if this is the case. You may dress normally until you leave Madinah with the aim of doing Hajj or Umrah in Makkah, at which point you must enter the Ihram state. Ihram can be taken in your accommodation in Madinah or at Masjid Dhul Hulayfah, the authorized Miqat for Madinah. You won't have to bother about alerting the driver of the diversion because the taxi/coach will stop at the mosque along the route.

Entering Ihram

Preparation

As recommended by the Prophet ﷺ, you should be in a state of physical purity and take care of your personal hygiene at home before wearing Ihram clothes. I heard the Prophet ﷺ say: 'Five things are part of nature: circumcision, removing pubic hair, trimming the moustache, clipping the nails, and removing the hair beneath the armpit,' says Abu Hurayrah RA. (Hadith No. 5891 - Al-Bukhari)

If you haven't previously done so, make sure you:

  • Trim the nails on your fingers and toes.

  • Hair under the armpits should be removed.

  • Hair under the navel should be removed.

  • Trim the moustache if necessary.

After that, you should conduct Ghusl, which is a highly recommended act for individuals planning to take Ihram. Bathing before donning the Ihram clothes is Sunnah for all men, women, and children, even those who are having menses or post-natal hemorrhage. All Hajj rites, with the exception of the Tawaf of the Kaaba and the two Rakahs of Nafl, may be performed by a woman who is menstruating. Abdullah ibn Abbas RA tells the story:

"A woman experiencing menstruation or post-natal bleeding should take a bath, enter Ihram and perform all the rites of Hajj except circumambulation of the House, until she becomes pure." (Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 1744; al-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 945)

Neglecting the Ghusl without a good cause is Makruh. Wudhu should be conducted if Ghusl is not possible for whatever reason.

Ihram for Men

Before entering the state of Ihram, men should remove any clothing that is sewn or made to match the contour of their bodies, such as shirts, trousers, vests, and undergarments. You can put off removing any garment that breaches the Ihram criteria, like as underwear, until the time of Miqat, at which point you should declare Ihram.

The Ihram outfit is made up of two white, basic pieces of cloth: the Izar, which wraps around the waist and covers the lower body, and the Rida, which drapes over the shoulders and covers the upper body like a shawl. Stitched or unstitched shoes / sandals must not cover the heel and ankle bones. The upper half of the foot (particularly the instep area where the shoelace is generally knotted) should also be left bare, according to the Hanafi school of thinking. 

Put on the Izar in the following manner:

  • Standing with your legs shoulder-width apart will allow you to walk freely after it's knotted. Maintain this posture until the Ihram's bottom section is secured.

  • Wrap the top section of the fabric around your waist. You may be able to wrap the garment around your waist more than once, depending on the length of the garment.

  • Begin folding and tucking in from the top of the Ihram in 10 cm increments once it is wrapped around your waist. This should help to keep the Ihram secure.

  • Your full Awrah should be covered by the Izar. From your navel to your knees, no part of your body should be exposed.

  • The top sheet (Rida) is then thrown like a shawl across the top part of the body.

Other things to consider:

  • Avoid choosing an Ihram made of very thin cotton since it will cling to you and become unpleasant if you sweat. It is best to choose a heavier cotton garment or toweling that may later be used as towels, blankets, or other items.

  • Men are not permitted to wear head coverings or undergarments, even during Salah.

  • Except for Tawaf al-Umrah or Tawaf al-Qudum, your right shoulder should be covered at all times.

  • The ankle and top half of the foot must not be covered by slippers or shoes.

  • Do not leave the house without the top sheet (Rida).

  • Keep your Ihram clean and avoid wiping oneself with it.

  • If you're in Ihram, take extra care not to expose yourself by sitting in a certain way. Because you won't be wearing underwear, you risk exposing your private regions if you don't take precautions.

  • The upper section of the Ihram (Rida) should not be thrown over your shoulder since it may harm someone behind you.

  • It's an excellent idea to practice wearing the Ihram and walking in it ahead of time so that you're comfortable with it. If you're undertaking Hajj, keep in mind that you'll be in this situation for at least 2-3 days.

  • Men may use perfume on their heads and beards, but they must avoid getting any on their Ihram clothing.

Ihram for Women

Women are not obligated to follow a dress code and are allowed to wear anything they like. Clothing should, of course, be modest Islamic attire with a head covering of any color. Socks are permitted, but hands and faces must be exposed.

Although it is forbidden to hide one's face, it is acceptable to use a cloth that drapes over the face without touching it. This is based on Aisha RA's narration:

“We were with the Prophet ﷺ whilst we were in Ihram. When a rider would pass us by, we would lower our garments from the top of our heads, and when he had gone, we would lift them up again.” (Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 2935; Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 1833.)

Ihram for Women

Women are not obligated to follow a dress code and are allowed to wear anything they like. Clothing should, of course, be modest Islamic attire with a head covering of any color. Socks are permitted, but hands and faces must be exposed.

Although it is forbidden to hide one's face, it is acceptable to use a cloth that drapes over the face without touching it. This is based on Aisha RA's narration:

“We were with the Prophet ﷺ whilst we were in Ihram. When a rider would pass us by, we would lower our garments from the top of our heads, and when he had gone, we would lift them up again.” (Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 2935; Abu Dawud, Hadith No. 1833.)

Salah al-Ihram

By consensus of the four schools of law, it is Sunnah to do two Rakahs of Salah al-Ihram after changing into Ihram before making the desire to enter the state of Ihram. This is something that should be done before crossing the Miqat. Observe the Salah with the purpose of doing two Rakahs Nafl for Ihram if it isn't one of the banned periods for prayer.

If any other prayer is conducted after changing into Ihram clothes and before expressing the intention, whether it is compulsory or Sunnah (such as the two Rakahs Salah for the mosque greeting), it will be counted towards this prayer, even if it is not intended.

Because you are not yet in Ihram spiritually, you may conduct the Salah with your head covered. After Surah al-Fatiha, it is Sunnah to recite Surah al-Kafirun (Qul Y Ayyuha-l-Kfirn – Surah 109) in the first Rakah and Surah al-Ikhlas (Qul Huwa-llhu Ahad – Surah 112) in the second Rakah, however any Surah may be recited. After you've done, take off any headgear or other items that would break Ihram's regulations and prepare to make your purpose.

Women who are menstruating should refrain from doing the Salah and instead make their desire to perform Hajj or Umrah and recite the Talbiyah.

It's a good idea to do Salah al-Ihram at the airport before boarding the plane and then make your Niyyah on board before crossing the Miqat whether you're going to Jeddah straight or through a connecting flight (about an hour before arriving at Jeddah airport). Delaying the Niyyah until the last minute is a smart approach to ensure that the Ihram limitations aren't broken unnecessarily during or before the trip, especially if planes are delayed or cancelled.

If you're travelling with an Islamic airline and want to pray Salah al-Ihram on the plane, you could discover that there's a rush of individuals who want to pray, making it difficult and uncomfortable to do so.

Niyyah

As you approach the Miqat, the Niyyah should be made at or near the Miqat. Although it is Mustahabb to pronounce the Niyyah vocally in Arabic or in your local tongue, the intention must be expressed from the heart.

It's also a good idea to indicate the objective of Ihram while stating the intention, such as if you're going to Hajj or Umrah. If you're undertaking Hajj, you should also specify the sort of Hajj you'll be performing.

Here are a few instances of intents that may be expressed in Arabic:

Niyyah for Umrah:

If you're undertaking Umrah at any time of the year, or Umrah as part of Hajj al-Tamattu, you should make this Niyyah. If you're conducting Hajj al-Tamattu, you'll make an intention for the Hajj later.

لبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ عُمْرَةً

Labbayka llāhumma ‘umratan.

O Allah, here I am to perform Umrah.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ

Allāhumma innī urīdu l- ‘umrata.

O Allah, I intend to perform Umrah.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ فَيَسِّرْهَا لِيْ وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّيْ

Allāhumma innī urīdu l- ‘umrata fa yassirhā lī wa taqabbalhā minnī.

O Allah, I intend to perform Umrah, so accept it from me and make it easy for me.

Niyyah for Umrah and Hajj:

If you're conducting Hajj al-Qiran, you should make this Niyyah (Umrah and Hajj combined):

لبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ عُمْرَةً وحَجًّا

Labbayka llāhumma ‘umratan wa ḥajjan.

O Allah, here I am to perform Umrah and Hajj.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ والْحَجَّ

Allāhumma innī urīdu l-’umrata wa l-ḥajja.

O Allah, I intend to perform Umrah and Hajj.

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّيْ أُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ والْحَجَّ فَيَسِّرْهُمَا لِيْ وَتَقَبَّلْهُمَا مِنِّيْ

Allāhumma innī urīdu l-’umrata wa l-ḥajja fayassirhumā lī wa taqabbalhumā minnī.

O Allah, I intend to perform Umrah and Hajj, so make them easy for me and accept them from me

Niyyah with a Stipulation (Ishtirat)

If you believe that something, like as sickness, would prevent you from performing your Hajj or Umrah, you might include the following requirement in your Niyyah:

اللَّهُمَّ مَحِلِّي حَيْثُ حَبَسْتَنِي

Allāhumma maḥilli ḥaithu ḥabastani.

O Allah, I will exit Ihram from the point You have prevented me.

This is based on the following narration by Aisha RA:

“Allah’s Messenger ﷺ entered upon Dubaa bint az-Zubair and asked her: ‘Do you have a desire to perform Hajj?’ She replied: ‘By Allah, I feel sick.’ He said to her: ‘Intend to perform Hajj and stipulate a condition by saying, “O Allah, I will exit Ihram from the point You have prevented me (i.e., I am unable to go further).” She was the wife of al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad. (Al-Bukhari, Hadith Mo. 5089)

The advantage is that if you are unable to complete the Hajj or Umrah rites due to unforeseen circumstances, or if you are unable to enter Makkah for whatever reason, Fidyah will not be required to be paid in order to exit Ihram. To leave Ihram, you must, however, get your hair cropped.

Changing Niyyah

You can't alter your mind about performing another sort of Hajj once you've entered Ihram with a certain Niyyah. For example, if you've decided to conduct Hajj al-Ifrad (Hajj alone), you won't be able to alter your mind afterwards and perform Umrah and Hajj al-Tamattu.

It is, however, permissible to modify your mind before entering the state of Ihram. For example, you may have planned to undertake Hajj al-Qiran (Hajj and Umrah at the same time) at home or on your journey, but instead decide to perform Hajj al-Tamattu after you enter Ihram. This is completely legal.

Before you make your intention, make sure you think about the sort of Hajj you wish to conduct. Keep in mind that the easiest and most prevalent version of Hajj is Hajj al-Tamattu.

Niyyah for Others

Hajj al-Badal is the act of completing Hajj or Umrah on someone else's behalf who is unable to perform Hajj due to disease, infirmity, or other justifiable reasons.

The Niyyah would be as follows if you are undertaking Hajj on behalf of someone else, such as your mother or father:

لبَّيْكَ اللَّهُمَّ حَجًّا عَنْ ……. بِنْ / بِنْت

Labbayka llāhumma ḥajjan ‘an ………. bin / bint ……….

O Allah, I intend to perform Hajj for ………. son / daughter of ……….

The purpose must be formed only for that person and no one else.

If you wish to distribute the reward to a group of individuals, you can do so by doing a Nafl Hajj or Umrah.

Talbiyah

After making your intention, recite the Talbiyah.

Words of the Talbiyah

The dashes mark four locations where the Sunnah way of reciting the Talbiyah requires a brief pause. The following are the words:

لبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ - 

Labbayka llāhumma labbayk(a), labbayka lā sharīka laka labbayk(a), inna l-ḥamda wa n-ni’mata, laka wa l-mulk(a), lā sharīka lak.

At Your service, Allah, at Your service. At Your service, You have no partner, at Your service. Truly all praise, favor and sovereignty is Yours. You have no partner.

Manner of Reciting the Talbiyah

Men should repeat the Talbiyah loudly, but women should pronounce it gently enough that she or someone near to her can hear it. It is Mustahabb to supplicate after reciting the Talbiyah and send Salawat upon the Prophet ﷺ.

When to Recite Talbiyah

Throughout Hajj and Umrah, the Talbiyah should be repeated as often as feasible, whether you're standing or sitting, in a vehicle or walking, with or without Wudhu, and, in the case of women, whether you're menstruating or not.

The Talbiyah should be said in the following situations:

  • When boarding or disembarking from a vehicle

  • If you're going up or down (a hill or a valley).

  • Whenever you come upon a bunch of pilgrims.

  • Following the prayers.

  • Towards the end of the night.

  • In the early hours of the morning.

  • Both in the morning and in the evening.

Timings of Talbiyah

After taking Ihram, Hajj pilgrims should begin reciting the Talbiyah and continue until the first pebble is hurled at Jamrat al-Aqaba on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah, Yawm al-Nahr.

After Ihram, Umrah pilgrims should begin reciting the Talbiyah and continue until the Hajar al-Aswad is kissed, touched, or saluted at the start of Tawaf al-Umrah.

Virtues of the Talbiyah

Jabir ibn Abdullah I narrates:

“There is no Muhrim who exposes himself to the sun all day for the sake of Allah, reciting the Talbiyah until the sun goes down, but his sins will disappear and he will be as he was on the day his mother bore him.” (Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 2925)

Sahl bin Sa’d I narrates:

“The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: ‘There is no Muslim who says the Talbiyah except that – on his right and left, until the end of the land, from here to there – the rocks, or trees, or mud say the Talbiyah.” (Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith No. 828; Ibn Majah, Hadith No. 2921.)

After the Talbiyah

You will have entered the hallowed state of Ihram after you have made the intention and said the Talbiyah. A Muhrim is a pilgrim from the state of Ihram. You must be aware of the Ihram restrictions as a Muhrim. You must also be aware of and observant of God at all times, practice patience, and have excellent character.

conditions of Ihram

Permissible Actions

Ihram's allowed acts are as follows:

  • Having a bath or shower, whether through necessity or not, as long as scented products are not used.

  • Gently washing your head and body, even if hair falls out.

  • Changing Ihram garments (can be done as often as necessary).

  • Using a money belt / waist pouch / string which helps to further secure the lower garment of the Ihram (Izar).

  • Using a safety pin to keep the top garment of the Ihram (Rida) from falling off or opening up constantly.

  • Covering the body and feet with a blanket while sleeping, although the face and the head should remain exposed.

  • Using an umbrella or any other object for shade, provided it does not rest on the face or the head.

  • Carrying a backpack.

  • Killing potentially harmful animals / insects such as snakes, scorpions, flies and cockroaches.

  • Slaughtering domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, poultry etc. for food (hunting is strictly forbidden).

  • Injections / vaccinations.

  • Treatment where blood is extracted from the body, such as cupping.

  • Surgical procedures such as the extraction of teeth.

  • Watches, jewellery, identity wristband etc.

  • Hearing aids, glasses, contact lenses, sunglasses, braces, false teeth.

  • Socks and gloves (women only, not men).

  • Using a plaster or bandage for cuts and sprains.

  • Using a Miswak (the use of toothpaste is debated because it creates a strong fragrance in the mouth).

  • Eating fragrant fruits such as apples and oranges.

  • Eating fruit flavoured sweets and chocolates.

  • Using tampons / sanitary towels.

  • Breastfeeding.

Disliked Actions

These actions, although disliked, don’t carry a penalty:

  • Rubbing the body to remove dirt.

  • Washing the body with non-scented soap.

  • Combing the hair.

  • Scratching the body in such a manner that hair falls out.

  • Smelling fragrance deliberately.

  • Smelling fragrant fruits such as apples and oranges (although eating them is perfectly acceptable).

  • Wearing a bandage on any part of the body without a valid reason.

  • Wearing cosmetics / make-up.

  • Cleaning the nose with a cloth.

  • Eating strong scented sweets.

  • Sleeping with the face flat on the pillow.

  • Smoking.

Forbidden Actions

While in the state of Ihram, there are two sorts of forbidden acts. The first is what is commonly forbidden in everyday life and would be considered a sin, such as using profane language, participating in obscene behavior, fighting, or arguing. Although there will be no penalty for indulging in such behavior, it will undoubtedly take away some of the Hajj or Umrah's merits and advantages.

فَلَا رَفَثَ وَلَا فُسُوقَ وَلَا جِدَالَ فِي الْحَجِّ

There is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj.

[Surah al-Baqarah, 2:197]

The second category of forbidden behaviors includes those that would not normally be considered sinful and would be acceptable outside of Ihram, but are prohibited in Ihram.

Fidyah is a kind of remuneration for failing to do a Hajj-related act or breaking a Hajj-related law. It should not be viewed as a punishment, but rather as an opportunity to make amends and reaffirm your devotion to the journey and the Prophet's Sunnah.

Fidyah is obligatory when you have:

  • Infringed on one of Ihram's prohibitions, such as applying perfume or cutting one's hair.

  • Failed to execute a Wajib Hajj or Umrah act, such as crossing the Miqat without entering the Ihram state.

  • Transgressed the sanctity of the Haram, such as killing an animal within its boundaries.

Penalties

There are three categories of penalty, depending on the nature of the transgression:

Badanah

This occurs when a huge sacrifice animal, such as a camel or a cow, is offered (the size of which normally constitutes seven parts).

In the following two scenarios, Badanah would be required:

Tawaf is performed in a state of major ritual impurity (requires Ghusl), during menstruation, or after childbirth.

Having sexual relations at any point between Wuquf in Arafat (on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah) and cutting the hair / Tawaf al-Ziyarah (on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah).

Damm

This refers to offering a small sacrificial animal such as a sheep or a goat (or the cost of one-seventh of a large animal if sharing).

There are a number of actions which necessitate Damm:

  • Entering the Miqat without coming into Ihram.

  • Applying fragrances or perfumes to the body or to the clothing, or using scented substances.

  • Applying Henna or Kohl to the body.

  • Wearing stitched / sewn / tailored clothing that fits the shape of the body, in the case of men. For example, wearing underwear, shirts, trousers and jackets.

  • Wearing footwear that covers the ankle and the top part of the foot (the shoelace area), in the case of men.

  • Covering the head or face.

  • Shaving, cutting, trimming or removing hair from any part of the body.

  • Clipping the nails on the hands or feet.

  • Kissing, touching or embracing a person of the opposite gender with lust / desire.

  • Having sexual relations. Depending on when this takes place, it could also invalidate the Hajj.

  • Hunting a prohibited animal.

  • Omitting an obligatory action of Hajj or Umrah or not performing it in the way it should be performed.

  • The above list is not exhaustive. Please refer to these tables which provide a more comprehensive overview of actions that would require Damm.

Penalties

There are three categories of penalty, depending on the nature of the transgression:

Badanah

This occurs when a huge sacrifice animal, such as a camel or a cow, is offered (the size of which normally constitutes seven parts).

In the following two scenarios, Badanah would be required:

Tawaf is performed in a state of major ritual impurity (requires Ghusl), during menstruation, or after childbirth.

Having sexual relations at any point between Wuquf in Arafat (on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah) and cutting the hair / Tawaf al-Ziyarah (on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah).

Damm

This refers to offering a small sacrificial animal such as a sheep or a goat (or the cost of one-seventh of a large animal if sharing).

There are a number of actions which necessitate Damm:

  • Entering the Miqat without coming into Ihram.

  • Applying fragrances or perfumes to the body or to the clothing, or using scented substances.

  • Applying Henna or Kohl to the body.

  • Wearing stitched / sewn / tailored clothing that fits the shape of the body, in the case of men. For example, wearing underwear, shirts, trousers and jackets.

  • Wearing footwear that covers the ankle and the top part of the foot (the shoelace area), in the case of men.

  • Covering the head or face.

  • Shaving, cutting, trimming or removing hair from any part of the body.

  • Clipping the nails on the hands or feet.

  • Kissing, touching or embracing a person of the opposite gender with lust / desire.

  • Having sexual relations. Depending on when this takes place, it could also invalidate the Hajj.

  • Hunting a prohibited animal.

  • Omitting an obligatory action of Hajj or Umrah or not performing it in the way it should be performed.

  • The above list is not exhaustive. Please refer to these tables which provide a more comprehensive overview of actions that would require Damm.

Sadaqah

This is the act of giving to the poor and needy. Giving Sadaqah in the form of non-perishable staple foods like flour, wheat, barley, dates, or raisins is advised. The amount of Sadaqah is divided into three categories based on the nature of the transgression:

  • Sadaqah al-Fitr in its entirety — This is around 3 kilograms of wheat, 6 kg of barley, 6 kg of dates or raisins, or its monetary value.

  • Less than Sadaqah al-Fitr- A handful of wheat or an equal. To kill a locust, for example, Sadaqah would require a handful of wheat.

  • Sadaqah equivalent to the value- For example, harming an animal or chopping trees within the Haram's limits would necessitate a Sadaqah payment equal to the worth of the damage done. The amount payable should be decided by two Muslim men who are both locals and of good character.

There are a number of actions which necessitate Sadaqah:

  • Applying small amounts of fragrances to the body / clothing or applying fragrances to small portions of the body / clothing.

  • Wearing stitched clothing or prohibited footwear for a small amount of time.

  • Covering a small portion of the head or the face.

  • Shaving, cutting, trimming or removing small amounts of hair from the body.

  • Clipping a few nails on the hands or feet.

  • Not performing obligatory actions of Hajj or Umrah completely or properly. For example, omitting a circuit of Sa’i or performing Sa’i with a wheelchair without a valid reason would require Sadaqah to be paid.

  • Causing harm to an animal.

  • Killing lice or locusts.

  • Cutting trees or grass within the boundaries of the Haram.

Valid Excuses

Due to a good excuse, an individual in Ihram may be forced to commit a conduct that warrants Damm or Sadaqah. Illness or exposure to extreme environmental conditions are valid justifications, but they aren't the only ones. In general, it refers to anything that causes the Muhrim true hardship.

If the Muhrim wears stitched garments, uses a scented substance, cuts or trims his or her hair, clips his or her nails, or conceals his or her head or face for a justifiable reason, the individual has three options:

  • Damm is being given.

  • Fasting for three days in a row and place that is convenient for you.

  • Six destitute persons are given Sadaqah al-Fitr.

It will not be accepted as an acceptable reason to commit an act owing to error, forgetfulness, unconsciousness, or poverty.


Fidyah Rules and Regulations

These are as follows:

  • Fidyah is not to be used intentionally to replace an obligatory rite of Hajj.

  • It’s not obligatory to pay the penalty immediately although it should be completed as soon as possible.

  • It must be fulfilled before death.

  • It doesn’t necessarily have to be done in the days of Tashreeq (between the 10th and 12th of Dhul Hijjah), if you’re performing Hajj.

  • The animal sacrifice must be performed within the boundaries of the Haram.

  • The animal must be of the correct age and free from any physical defects.

  • Coupons can be purchased for Damm and Sadaqah in kiosks around the Haram in the same way coupons for Hady can be purchased.

  • Someone else may pay for the Fidyah on your behalf, granted you have given permission.

  • The meat must go to the poor. You cannot eat the meat yourself, nor should it be distributed to the rich.

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